Civil War has ravaged South Sudan since 2013.
South Sudan became the world's newest nation in 2011. South Sudan declared its independence after five decades of guerrilla warfare and the loss of two million lives. Peace only lasted 2 years. President Salva Kiir sacked his deputy, Riek Machar, saying that Riek Machar was attempting a coup. Riek Machar denied these claims, fled back to his own region of South Sudan, and began to amass his forces, starting another racially based Civil War.
Violence for entire generations
There has been active violence in this region of the world for over half a century, entire generations have known nothing but war. Generations of war destroys not only people, but the land itself. South Sudan, a nation of farmers, was once known as being a fertile land, however the constant bloodshed makes this near impossible. The Washington Post reports South Sudan has slipped into famine, and Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen are each on the verge of their own. Famine now threatens 20 million people — more than at any time since World War II. The Washington post states, "as defined by the United Nations, famine occurs when a region’s daily hunger-related death rate exceeds 2 per 10,000 people" In June, the United Nations food agency described conditions in South Sudan as catastrophic, and warned that the situation there was deteriorating, with more than six million people facing acute hunger. The staggering scale of suffering caused by this style of fighting appears to maximize misery. Currently the U.N. Refugee Agency reports close to 4 million South Sudanese have been displaced from their homes, with 86 percent of these refugees being women and children. Alyssa Eisenstein from NPR, says many of these women are fleeing from "war, hunger, and appalling acts of gender-based violence," said Refugees International, a humanitarian organization that advocates for displaced people, in a statement on Friday. "We are yet again seeing the use of rape and other forms of violence against women fleeing South Sudan."
The World’s Fastest Growing Refugee Crisis
The conflict in South Sudan has precipitated the "world's fastest growing" refugee crisis. Over the past 12 months, an average of 2,000 South Sudanese stream across the border into Uganda every day. Uganda is internationally recognized as being the most hospitable host country for refugees. As refugees enter Uganda, they are given a plot of land, a tent, and rudimental provisions. Refugee camps in Northern Uganda have become more than camps, they have turned into cities. There are 9 refugee camps in Uganda, hosting over a million South Sudanese refugees.
By the Numbers
More than 85 percent of South Sudanese refugees in Uganda are women and children under the age of 18
1,015,415 Refugees in need
For Uganda, US$883.5 million is needed for the South Sudan situation, but only US$250 million has been received.
Uganda is currently hosting over 1.2 million refugees
Over the past 12 months, an average of 1,800 South Sudanese have been arriving in Uganda every day.
Each refugee is supposed to get 12 kg of grain, 6 kg of dry beans, cooking oil and salt each month, but the U.N.’s WFP said this was delayed in October because grain was scarce in Uganda and the roads to Palorinya were bad.
Only 16% of girls can read and write.